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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Functional expression, purification, and characterization of 3alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/carbonyl reductase from Comamonas testosteroni.

3alpha-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3alpha-HSD) catalyzes the oxidoreduction at carbon 3 of steroid hormones and is postulated to initiate the complete mineralization of the steroid nucleus to CO(2) and H(2)O in Comamonas testosteroni. By this activity, 3alpha-HSD provides the basis for C. testosteroni to grow on steroids as sole carbon and energy source. 3alpha-HSD was cloned and overexpressed in E. coli and purified to homogeneity by an affinity chromatography system as His-tagged protein. The recombinant enzyme was found to be functional as oxidoreductase toward a variety of steroid substrates, including androstanedione, 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone, androsterone, cholic acid, and the steroid antibiotic fusidic acid. The enzyme also catalyzes the carbonyl reduction of nonsteroidal aldehydes and ketones such as metyrapone, p-nitrobenzaldehyde and a novel insecticide (NKI 42255), and, based on this pluripotent substrate specificity, was named 3alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/carbonyl reductase (3alpha-HSD/ CR). It is suggested that 3alpha-HSD/ CR contributes to important defense strategies of C. testosteroni against natural and synthetic toxicants. Antibodies were generated in rabbits against the entire 3alpha-HSD/ CR protein, and may now be used for evaluating the pattern of steroid induction in C. testosteroni on the protein level. Upon gel permeation chromatography the purified enzyme elutes as a 49.4 kDa protein revealing for the first time the dimeric nature of 3alpha-HSD/ CR of C. testosteroni.[1]


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