The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) plays a critical role in lymphocyte-endothelial cell adhesion cascade under shear.

Lymphocyte binding to vascular endothelium is a prerequisite for the movement of immune cells from the blood into lymphoid tissues and into sites of inflammation. Human vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) is an endothelial glycoprotein involved in this interaction. It also displays an enzymatic (monoamine oxidase) activity. Here we examined how recombinant human VAP-1 mediates lymphocyte binding using rotatory and flow chamber binding assays. VAP-1 cDNA transfected into an endothelial cell line, which does not bind lymphocytes, renders the cell line capable of binding lymphocytes in a shear-dependent manner. VAP-1 transfectants bound lymphocytes 5 times better than monocytes with a preference for T killer cells, and no specific granulocyte adherence was detectable. The binding is partially inhibited by anti-VAP-1 monoclonal antibodies or by blocking lymphocyte L-selectin and CD18 integrins, but not by inhibition of several other homing-associated molecules. In contrast, CD44 ligation on lymphocytes markedly upregulates their VAP-1-dependent adhesion, suggesting that the VAP-1 counterreceptor can be activated via CD44. The transfectant model also allowed us to perform detailed structure-function analyses of VAP-1. We show that the exposed integrin-binding motif RGD or the enzymatic activity is not indispensable for VAP-1-dependent adhesion. Together, these data show that VAP-1 can reconstitute the lymphocyte-endothelial adhesion cascade under shear and propose a critical role for VAP-1 in lymphocyte emigration from the blood.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities