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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of imidapril on endothelin-1 and ACE gene expression in failing hearts of salt-sensitive hypertensive rats.

The renin-angiotensin system and endothelin are important regulators of the cardiovascular system. Although increased production of endothelin-1 (ET-1) is reported in patients with heart failure, the detailed mechanism remains to be determined. To elucidate the relationship between the renin-angiotensin system and ET-1 in hypertensive heart failure, we evaluated the effects of long-term treatment with imidapril, an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, on preproET-1, endothelin A receptor (ETAR), and ACE mRNA expression in the left ventricle and evaluated these in relation to myocardial remodeling in the failing heart of Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) hypertensive rats fed a high salt diet. In DS rats fed an 8% NaCl diet after the age of 6 weeks, a stage of concentric left ventricular hypertrophy at 11 weeks (DSLVH) was followed by a distinct stage of left ventricular failure with chamber dilatation at 18 weeks (DSHF). Imidapril (DSHF-IM, n = 8, 1 mg/kg/day, subdepressor dose) or vehicle (DSHF-V, n = 8) was given from stage DSLVH to DSHF for 7 weeks, and age-matched (18 weeks) Dahl salt-resistant rats fed the same diet served as the control group (DR-C, n = 8). In both groups, blood pressure was similar and significantly higher than in DR-C. Markedly increased left ventricular end-diastolic diameter and reduced fractional shortening in DSHF-V was significantly ameliorated in DSHF-IM using transthoracic echocardiography. The preproET-1, ETAR, and ACE mRNA levels in the left ventricle were significantly increased in DSHF-V compared with DR-C, and significantly suppressed in DSHF-IM compared with DSHF-V. DSHF-V demonstrated a significant increase in the wall-to-lumen ratio and perivascular fibrosis in coronary arterioles, and myocardial fibrosis, with all these parameters being significantly improved by imidapril. In conclusion, myocardial remodeling and heart failure in DS rats fed a high salt diet were significantly ameliorated by a subdepressor dose of imidapril, which may be attributable to a decrease in ET-1 mRNA expression and angiotensin II in the left ventricle.[1]


  1. Effects of imidapril on endothelin-1 and ACE gene expression in failing hearts of salt-sensitive hypertensive rats. Kobayashi, N., Hara, K., Higashi, T., Matsuoka, H. Am. J. Hypertens. (2000) [Pubmed]
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