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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Transendothelial migration of 27E10+ human monocytes.

The myeloid-related proteins MRP8 (S100A8) and MRP14 (S100A9), two members of the S100 family of calcium-binding proteins, are co-expressed and form a cell-surface and cytoskeleton-associated heterodimer upon calcium mobilization which is recognized by the mAb 27E10. The heterodimer is abundantly expressed in the cytoplasm of granulocytes and a subpopulation of blood monocytes. Previously, we and others demonstrated endothelium-associated MRP8/14 in inflamed tissues in the vicinity of transmigrating leukocytes, suggesting a function of the proteins in this process. Here, we demonstrate that 27E10(+) cells represent a fast-migrating monocyte subpopulation which preferentially utilizes an ICAM-1-dependent mechanism. The following observations imply a function of MRP8/14 in the transmigration process: (i) higher secretion of MRP8/14 from 27E10(+) monocytes compared to 27E10(-) monocytes after interaction with activated endothelium, (ii) higher expression of CD11b on 27E10(+) compared to 27E10(-) monocytes, (iii) up-regulation of CD11b on 27E10(-) monocytes in the presence of MRP14 or MRP8/14 heterodimers but not MRP8 and (iv) active participation of MRP14 but not of MRP8 in transmigration as shown by blocking with respective antibodies. We show that the interaction of 27E10(+) monocytes with activated endothelium leads to MRP8/14 release which may account for the high MRP8/14 concentrations in body fluids of patients with acute or chronic inflammatory diseases. Released MRP8/14 may serve a function by enhancing CD11b expression and/or affinity in human monocytes and by participating in the transendothelial migration mechanism. Thus, MRP8/14 substantially contributes to the recruitment of monocytes to an inflammatory site.[1]

References

  1. Transendothelial migration of 27E10+ human monocytes. Eue, I., Pietz, B., Storck, J., Klempt, M., Sorg, C. Int. Immunol. (2000) [Pubmed]
 
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