The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Postprandial metabolism and endocrine status in veal calves fed at different frequencies.

Veal calves fed by bucket often develop postprandial insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, and glucosuria during fattening. Automatic feeding systems allow feed intake for 24 h, and small ingested portions are expected to decrease postprandial glucose loads. We have studied metabolic and endocrine traits in calves that were either 1) fed identical daily amounts of whole milk plus milk replacer by a computer-programmed automatic feeder (> or =6 portions from 0800 to 2400 h) (GrA) or 2) fed by bucket at 0800 and 1630 h (GrB). Calves started at a body weight of 118 kg, and the experiment lasted for 3 wk. During wk 3, lactose was supplemented to stress postabsorptive glucose homeostasis. Feed intake and average daily gains in GrA and GrB were similar. Plasma concentrations during an 8-h period of glucose (in part), lactate, urea, and somatostatin (in wk 3), and of glucagon and insulin (wk 2 and 3) were smaller in GrA than in GrB, whereas growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor I, insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (wk 2), and prolactin concentrations (wk 2 and 3) were higher. Lactose supplementation in wk 3 enhanced transient postprandial hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia. Thus, there were marked metabolic and endocrine differences when calves sucked their feed in six or more portions during a 16-h period from an automatic feeder compared with twice daily drinking from a bucket. Ingestion of small portions by calves avoided marked hyperglycemia and lactate increments, and lower plasma urea concentrations mirrored enhanced nitrogen utilization, possibly mediated by the altered growth hormone, IGF-I and insulin status.[1]


  1. Postprandial metabolism and endocrine status in veal calves fed at different frequencies. Kaufhold, J.N., Hammon, H.M., Bruckmaier, R.M., Breier, B.H., Blum, J.W. J. Dairy Sci. (2000) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities