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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulatory effect of experimental diabetes on the expression of endothelin receptor subtypes and their gene transcripts in the rat adrenal gland.

Endothelins (ETs) mediate paracrine control of vascular tone and secretion of steroids and catecholamines in the adrenal gland through two ET receptor subtypes, ETA and ETB. The differential distribution and function of these subtypes are responsible for the multiplicity of endothelin actions in this tissue. This study examines the regulatory effects of experimental diabetes on the gene expression, subtype specificity and localization of ET receptor subtypes, ET isopeptides, and endothelin-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1) in the rat adrenal gland. The densities, pharmacological properties and distribution of ET receptor subtypes ETA and ETB in adrenal glands from streptozotocin-induced diabetic, insulin-treated diabetic and age-matched control rats were investigated, using radioligand receptor binding and autoradiographic techniques. The gene expression of ETA and ETB receptors ET-1, ET-3 and ECE-1 was evaluated using relative multiplex reverse transcription/PCR. The induction of diabetes caused a marked reduction in body weight but no significant change in adrenal gland size. The density of ET receptors was significantly increased in the diabetic rat adrenal gland, mainly because of an increase in the expression of ETB receptors. Insulin treatment normalized the diabetes-induced changes in the expression levels of ET receptor subtypes to control levels. The expression level of ET-1 mRNA was up-regulated, whereas ET-3 mRNA was down-regulated in the diabetic adrenal gland compared with the controls. The ECE-1 mRNA level in the adrenal gland was not altered by the induction of diabetes. Autoradiographic studies showed that ETA and ETB are the predominant receptor subtypes in the adrenal medulla and cortex respectively. These results suggest that ETA and ETB receptors are differentially distributed and regulated in the diabetic rat adrenal gland.[1]


  1. Regulatory effect of experimental diabetes on the expression of endothelin receptor subtypes and their gene transcripts in the rat adrenal gland. Ikeda, K., Wada, Y., Sanematsu, H., Foster, H.E., Shin, D., Weiss, R.M., Latifpour, J. J. Endocrinol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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