The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Magnesium transport in the renal distal convoluted tubule.

The distal tubule reabsorbs approximately 10% of the filtered Mg(2+), but this is 70-80% of that delivered from the loop of Henle. Because there is little Mg(2+) reabsorption beyond the distal tubule, this segment plays an important role in determining the final urinary excretion. The distal convoluted segment (DCT) is characterized by a negative luminal voltage and high intercellular resistance so that Mg(2+) reabsorption is transcellular and active. This review discusses recent evidence for selective and sensitive control of Mg(2+) transport in the DCT and emphasizes the importance of this control in normal and abnormal renal Mg(2+) conservation. Normally, Mg(2+) absorption is load dependent in the distal tubule, whether delivery is altered by increasing luminal Mg(2+) concentration or increasing the flow rate into the DCT. With the use of microfluorescent studies with an established mouse distal convoluted tubule (MDCT) cell line, it was shown that Mg(2+) uptake was concentration and voltage dependent. Peptide hormones such as parathyroid hormone, calcitonin, glucagon, and arginine vasopressin enhance Mg(2+) absorption in the distal tubule and stimulate Mg(2+) uptake into MDCT cells. Prostaglandin E(2) and isoproterenol increase Mg(2+) entry into MDCT cells. The current evidence indicates that cAMP-dependent protein kinase A, phospholipase C, and protein kinase C signaling pathways are involved in these responses. Steroid hormones have significant effects on distal Mg(2+) transport. Aldosterone does not alter basal Mg(2+) uptake but potentiates hormone-stimulated Mg(2+) entry in MDCT cells by increasing hormone-mediated cAMP formation. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3), on the other hand, stimulates basal Mg(2+) uptake. Elevation of plasma Mg(2+) or Ca(2+) inhibits hormone-stimulated cAMP accumulation and Mg(2+) uptake in MDCT cells through activation of extracellular Ca(2+)/Mg(2+)-sensing mechanisms. Mg(2+) restriction selectively increases Mg(2+) uptake with no effect on Ca(2+) absorption. This intrinsic cellular adaptation provides the sensitive and selective control of distal Mg(2+) transport. The distally acting diuretics amiloride and chlorothiazide stimulate Mg(2+) uptake in MDCT cells acting through changes in membrane voltage. A number of familial and acquired disorders have been described that emphasize the diversity of cellular controls affecting renal Mg(2+) balance. Although it is clear that many influences affect Mg(2+) transport within the DCT, the transport processes have not been identified.[1]


  1. Magnesium transport in the renal distal convoluted tubule. Dai, L.J., Ritchie, G., Kerstan, D., Kang, H.S., Cole, D.E., Quamme, G.A. Physiol. Rev. (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities