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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Endogenous prostaglandin E2 and insulin-like growth factor 1 can modulate the levels of parathyroid hormone receptor in human osteoarthritic osteoblasts.

Subchondral bone sclerosis may be important for the onset and/or progression of cartilage loss/damage in human osteoarthritis (OA). OA osteoblasts are resistant to parathyroid hormone (PTH) stimulation, which could explain bone sclerosis via the inhibition of PTH-dependent catabolism. Here, we investigated the molecular mechanism(s) responsible for reduced PTH-dependent cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) synthesis in OA subchondral osteoblasts. Although cholera toxin ( CTX) increased basal cAMP formation in these cells, it failed to stimulate PTH-dependent cAMP synthesis, whereas pertussis toxin (PTX) did not inhibit basal cAMP, yet diminished PTH-dependent cAMP production. Binding of 125I-PTH indicated lower PTH receptor levels in OA than in normal osteoblasts (-50.5 +/- 9.5%). This could be attributed to either reduced expression of the PTH receptor (PTH-R) or altered recycling of existing pools of receptors. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis indicated decreased PTH-R messenger RNA (mRNA) levels in OA cells that were highly variable (ranging from -10% to -60%), a situation that reflects disease severity. Interestingly, OA osteoblasts produced more prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) than normal osteoblasts, and using naproxen, a cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor, increased PTH-dependent cAMP formation to a level similar to normal osteoblasts. Because heterologous desensitization can explain a decrease in PTH binding but cannot account for reduced PTH-R expression, we looked at the possible effect of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) on this parameter. Blocking IGF-1 signaling with a neutralizing receptor antibody increased 125I-PTH binding in both normal and OA osteoblasts. Conversely, treatments with IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) antibody only slightly increased the levels of PTH-R mRNA whereas the addition of IGF-1 significantly reduced PTH-R mRNA levels (-24.1 +/- 7.1%), yet neither PGE2 nor naproxen modified PTH-R levels. These results suggest that both IGF-1 signaling and PGE2 formation repress PTH-dependent response in OA osteoblasts, a situation that can contribute to abnormal bone remodeling and bone sclerosis in OA.[1]


  1. Endogenous prostaglandin E2 and insulin-like growth factor 1 can modulate the levels of parathyroid hormone receptor in human osteoarthritic osteoblasts. Hilal, G., Massicotte, F., Martel-Pelletier, J., Fernandes, J.C., Pelletier, J.P., Lajeunesse, D. J. Bone Miner. Res. (2001) [Pubmed]
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