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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

TSG-14 transgenic mice have improved survival to endotoxemia and to CLP-induced sepsis.

Tumor necrosis factor- stimulated gene 14 (TSG-14)/PTX3 was identified originally as a TNF-alpha and IL-1beta-stimulated gene from normal, human foreskin fibroblasts and vascular endothelial cells, respectively. TSG-14 gene encodes a 42-kDa- secreted glycoprotein with a carboxy-terminal half that shares homology with the entire sequence of C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid P component (SAP), acute-phase proteins of the pentraxin family. Some experimental evidence suggests that TSG-14 plays a role in inflammation, yet its function and mechanism of action remain unclear. We have generated transgenic mice that overexpress the murine TSG-14 gene under the control of its own promoter. From eight transgenic founders, two lineages were derived and better characterized: Tg2 and Tg4, carrying two and four copies of the transgene, respectively. TSG-14 transgenic mice were found to be more resistant to the endotoxic shock induced by LPS and to the polymicrobial sepsis caused by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Moreover, macrophages derived from the transgenic mice produced higher amounts of nitric oxide in response to IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, and LPS as compared with macrophages from wild-type animals, and the augmented response appears to be the consequence of a higher responsiveness of transgenic macrophages to IFN-gamma. The data shown here are the first in vivo evidence of the involvement of TSG-14 in the inflammatory process and suggest a role for TSG-14 in the defense against bacterial infections.[1]


  1. TSG-14 transgenic mice have improved survival to endotoxemia and to CLP-induced sepsis. Dias, A.A., Goodman, A.R., Dos Santos, J.L., Gomes, R.N., Altmeyer, A., Bozza, P.T., Horta, M.F., Vilcek, J., Reis, L.F. J. Leukoc. Biol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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