The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Long-lasting aberrant tubulovesicular membrane inclusions accumulate in developing motoneurons after a sublethal excitotoxic insult: a possible model for neuronal pathology in neurodegenerative disease.

We have previously shown that chronic treatment of chick embryos [from embryonic day 5 (E5) to E9] with NMDA rescues spinal cord motoneurons (MNs) from programmed cell death. In this situation, MNs exhibit a reduced vulnerability to acute excitotoxic lesions and downregulate NMDA and AMPA-kainate receptors. Here, we report that this treatment results in long-lasting sublethal structural changes in MNs. In Nissl-stained sections from the spinal cord of NMDA-treated embryos, MNs display an area adjacent to an eccentrically positioned nucleus in which basophilia is excluded. Ultrastructurally, MNs accumulate tubulovesicular structures surrounded by Golgi stacks. Thiamine pyrophosphatase but not acid phosphatase was detected inside the tubulovesicular structures, which are resistant to disruption by brefeldin A or monensin. Immunocytochemistry reveals changes in the content and distribution of calcitonin gene-related peptide, the KDEL receptor, the early endosomal marker EEA1, and the recycling endosome marker Rab11, indicating that a dysfunction in membrane trafficking and protein sorting occurs in these MNs. FM1-43, a marker of the endocytic pathway, strongly accumulates in MNs from isolated spinal cords after chronic NMDA treatment. Changes in the distribution of cystatin C and presenilin-1 and an accumulation of amyloid precursor protein and beta-amyloid product were also observed in NMDA-treated MNs. None of these alterations involve an interruption of MN-target (muscle) connections, as detected by the retrograde tracing of MNs with cholera toxin B subunit. These results demonstrate that chronic NMDA treatment induces severe changes in the motoneuronal endomembrane system that may be related to some neuropathological alterations described in human MN disease.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities