The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dual role of the Leishmania major ribosomal protein S3a homologue in regulation of T- and B-cell activation.

We have recently characterized a novel Leishmania major gene encoding a polypeptide of 30 kDa that was homologous to mammalian ribosomal protein S3a and was named LmS3a-related protein (LmS3arp). The protein was found to be expressed by all the Leishmania species so far examined (L. infantum, L. amazonensis, and L. mexicana). In the present study we have extended our approach to the analysis of LmS3arp activity on T- and B-cell functions in a murine model. The results presented in this report show that LmS3arp plays a dual role in the regulation of T- and B-cell reactivity. Indeed, we found that injection of the LmS3arp recombinant protein (rLmS3arp) into BALB/c mice induces preferential activation of B cells, as shown by the following criteria: (i) increased expression of CD69 molecules on immunoglobulin M (IgM)-secreting spleen cells, (ii) a considerable increase of IgM-secreting B cells, and (iii) elevated levels of IgM antibodies in the sera of injected animals. Moreover, the IgM antibodies are not specific to the Leishmania antigens but preferentially recognize heterologous antigens like myosin, thyroglobulin, DNA, and keyhole limpet hemocyanin. Furthermore, the strong polyclonal expansion of nonspecific, non-parasite-directed B-cell clones induced by rLmS3arp is concomitant with a marked inhibition of T-cell proliferation. Analysis of cytokine production revealed a significant downregulation of gamma interferon, interleukin-2 (IL-2), and IL-12 secretion. Taken together, our data suggest that rLmS3arp, through direct or indirect action toward B and T cells and cytokine secretion, could participate in the immunoregulatory processes that play a role in the balance of the Th1 and Th2 immune response.[1]


  1. Dual role of the Leishmania major ribosomal protein S3a homologue in regulation of T- and B-cell activation. Cordeiro-Da-Silva, A., Borges, M.C., Guilvard, E., Ouaissi, A. Infect. Immun. (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities