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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mechanism of elongation factor (EF)-Ts-catalyzed nucleotide exchange in EF-Tu. Contribution of contacts at the guanine base.

Nucleotide exchange in elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) is catalyzed by elongation factor Ts (EF-Ts). Similarly to other GTP-binding proteins, the structural changes in the P loop and the Mg(2+) binding site are known to be important for nucleotide release from EF-Tu. In the present paper, we determine the contribution of the contacts between helix D of EF-Tu at the base side of the nucleotide and the N-terminal domain of EF-Ts to the catalysis. The rate constants of the multistep reaction between Escherichia coli EF-Tu, EF-Ts, and GDP were determined by stopped-flow kinetic analysis monitoring the fluorescence of either Trp-184 in EF-Tu or mant-GDP. Mutational analysis shows that contacts between helix D of EF-Tu and the N-terminal domain of EF-Ts are important for both complex formation and the acceleration of GDP dissociation. The kinetic results suggest that the initial contact of EF-Ts with helix D of EF-Tu weakens binding interactions around the guanine base, whereas contacts of EF-Ts with the phosphate binding side that promotes the release of the phosphate moiety of GDP appear to take place later. This "base-side-first" mechanism of guanine nucleotide release resembles that found for Ran x RCC1 and differs from mechanisms described for other GTPase x GEF complexes where interactions at the phosphate side of the nucleotide are released first.[1]


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