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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human pancreatic islets produce and secrete MCP-1/CCL2: relevance in human islet transplantation.

We investigated the capacity of human islets to produce monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). Primary cultures of pancreatic islets expressed and secreted MCP-1, as determined by Northern blot, immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The produced MCP-1 was biologically active as it attracted monocytes in chemotaxis assay, and chemotactic activity was almost abrogated by a neutralizing anti-MCP-1 monoclonal antibody. Expression of MCP-1 was increased by primary inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-1 beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha) and lipopolysaccharide at both the mRNA and protein levels but not by glucose. However, MCP-1 did not modulate insulin secretion. MCP-1 secreted by pancreatic islets plays a relevant role in the clinical outcome of islet transplant in patients with type 1 diabetes. In fact, low MCP-1 secretion resulted as the most relevant factor for long-lasting insulin independence. This finding opens new approaches in the management of human islet transplantation. Finally, the finding that MCP-1 appears constitutively present in normal human islet beta-cells (immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization), in the absence of an inflammatory infiltrate, suggests that this chemokine could have functions other than monocyte recruitment and opens a new link between the endocrine and immune systems.[1]


  1. Human pancreatic islets produce and secrete MCP-1/CCL2: relevance in human islet transplantation. Piemonti, L., Leone, B.E., Nano, R., Saccani, A., Monti, P., Maffi, P., Bianchi, G., Sica, A., Peri, G., Melzi, R., Aldrighetti, L., Secchi, A., Di Carlo, V., Allavena, P., Bertuzzi, F. Diabetes (2002) [Pubmed]
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