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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria: Differential gene expression of EGR-1 and TAXREB107.

OBJECTIVE: Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is an acquired clonal defect of hematopoietic stem cells characterized by deficiency in GPI-anchored surface proteins. It is not yet known how GPI-deficient stem cells are able to expand within the bone marrow and contribute considerably to the hematopoiesis. In PNH, as well as in AA and MDS, genetic instability and increased mutation frequency have been detected. Therefore, a second event is very likely, such as additional mutations, leading to clonal expansion of GPI-deficient bone marrow stem cell in PNH. METHODS: In order to elucidate the molecular basis of clonal expansion in PNH, we identified several genes differentially expressed in normal and GPI-deficient cells of PNH patients by combination of RNA fingerprinting and cDNA array hybridization. RESULTS: Expression of two of these genes, EGR-1 and TAXREB107, has been further investigated. EGR-1 is upregulated in granulocytes of all PNH patients analyzed so far. In contrast, significant upregulation of TAXREB107 is present only in some of our PNH patients. Further analysis confirmed their overexpression in PNH and excluded a possible secondary event character of observed overexpression. Moreover, similar levels of expression in cases of other clonal diseases, such as MPS and MDS, has been identified. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that additional genetic alterations apart from PIG-A mutations could be present in PNH granulocytes. In addition, these genetic changes might contribute to clonal expansion of GPI-deficient cells in PNH.[1]


  1. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria: Differential gene expression of EGR-1 and TAXREB107. Lyakisheva, A., Felda, O., Ganser, A., Schmidt, R.E., Schubert, J. Exp. Hematol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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