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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lack of impairment of nitric oxide-mediated responses in a rat model of high-renin hypertension.

1. Angiotensin (Ang) II triggers the expression of a pro- oxidant phenotype in the vascular wall, suggesting that activation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) causes endothelial dysfunction in various pathological situations, such as hypertension. However, this hypothesis has been mostly tested in a setting of exogenous administration of AngII. 2. We tested the hypothesis of a role for endogenous activation of the RAS leading to oxidant stress and endothelial dysfunction in a high-renin model of hypertension (i.e. two-kidney, one-clip hypertension) in rats. One month after clipping or sham surgery, aorta were isolated from untreated rats or rats treated by the angiotensin AT1 receptor antagonist irbesartan (10 mg/kg per day). Mesenteric artery segments were also isolated from normotensive or hypertensive rats. 3. Hypertension reduced the relaxations to acetylcholine but did not affect the ratio of contractions to phenylephrine in the presence compared with the absence of a nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, used as an index of basal release of NO. 4. The free radical scavenger tempol reduced the contractions to phenylephrine in the absence, but not in the presence, of an inhibitor of NO synthesis. This index of free radical-mediated degradation of NO was not affected by hypertension. In parallel, hypertension did not affect the expression of p22phox, a component of the free radical generating enzyme reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase. 5. Chronic treatment with the AT1 receptor antagonist decreased blood pressure, moderately improved the response to acetylcholine, but did not affect basal NO release in hypertensive rats, although it did increase basal NO release in normotensive rats. 6. Thus, this model of hypertension is characterized by an impaired stimulated NO release but not of basal NO release in isolated arteries. Furthermore, there was no functional evidence of an increased oxidative stress-mediated impairment of NO release. This is not in favour of a direct link between activation of the RAS and development of endothelial dysfunction in experimental hypertension.[1]


  1. Lack of impairment of nitric oxide-mediated responses in a rat model of high-renin hypertension. Artigues-Varin, C., Richard, V., Renet, S., Henry, J.P., Thuillez, C. Clin. Exp. Pharmacol. Physiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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