The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Osteopontin deficiency protects joints against destruction in anti-type II collagen antibody-induced arthritis in mice.

Rheumatoid arthritis is one of the most critical diseases that impair the quality of life of patients, but its pathogenesis has not yet been fully understood. Osteopontin ( OPN) is an extracellular matrix protein containing Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) sequence, which interacts with alpha(v)beta3 integrins, promotes cell attachment, and cell migration and is expressed in both synovial cells and chondrocytes in rheumatoid arthritis; however, its functional relationship to arthritis has not been known. Therefore, we investigated the roles of OPN in the pathogenesis of inflammatory process in a rheumatoid arthritis model induced by a mixture of anti-type II collagen mAbs and lipopolysaccharide (mAbs/LPS). mAbs/LPS injection induced OPN expression in synovia as well as cartilage, and this expression was associated with joint swelling, destruction of the surface structures of the joint based on scanning electron microscopy, and loss of toluidine blue-positive proteoglycan content in the articular cartilage in wild-type mice. In contrast, OPN deficiency prevented the mice from such surface destruction, loss of proteoglycan in the articular joint cartilage, and swelling of the joints even when the mice were subjected to mAbs/LPS injection. Furthermore, mAbs/LPS injection in wild-type mice enhanced the levels of CD31-positive vessels in synovia and terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated UTP end labeling-positive chondrocytes in the articular cartilage, whereas such angiogenesis as well as chondrocyte apoptosis was suppressed significantly in OPN-deficient mice. These results indicated that OPN plays a critical role in the destruction of joint cartilage in the rheumatoid arthritis model in mice via promotion of angiogenesis and induction of chondrocyte apoptosis.[1]


  1. Osteopontin deficiency protects joints against destruction in anti-type II collagen antibody-induced arthritis in mice. Yumoto, K., Ishijima, M., Rittling, S.R., Tsuji, K., Tsuchiya, Y., Kon, S., Nifuji, A., Uede, T., Denhardt, D.T., Noda, M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2002) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities