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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

ADAM 12 protease induces adipogenesis in transgenic mice.

ADAM 12 (meltrin-alpha) is a member of the ADAM (a disintegrin and metalloprotease) family. ADAM 12 functions as an active metalloprotease, supports cell adhesion, and has been implicated in myoblast differentiation and fusion. Human ADAM 12 exists in two forms: the prototype membrane-anchored protein, ADAM 12-L, and a shorter secreted form, ADAM 12-S. Here we report the occurrence of adipocytes in the skeletal muscle of transgenic mice in which overexpression of either form is driven by the muscle creatine kinase promoter. Cells expressing a marker of early adipogenesis were apparent in the perivascular space in muscle tissue of 1- to 2-week-old transgenic mice whereas mature lipid-laden adipocytes were seen at 3 to 4 weeks. Moreover, female transgenics expressing ADAM 12-S exhibited increases in body weight, total body fat mass, abdominal fat mass, and herniation, but were normoglycemic and did not exhibit increased serum insulin, cholesterol, or triglycerides. Male transgenics were slightly overweight and also developed herniation but did not become obese. Transgenic mice expressing a truncated form of ADAM 12-S lacking the prodomain and the metalloprotease domain did not develop this adipogenic phenotype, suggesting a requirement for ADAM 12 protease activity. This is the first in vivo demonstration that an ADAM protease is involved in adipogenesis.[1]


  1. ADAM 12 protease induces adipogenesis in transgenic mice. Kawaguchi, N., Xu, X., Tajima, R., Kronqvist, P., Sundberg, C., Loechel, F., Albrechtsen, R., Wewer, U.M. Am. J. Pathol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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