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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Treatment of male hypogonadism with testosterone undecanoate injected at extended intervals of 12 weeks: a phase II study.

This paper reports the result of an open-label, non-randomized clinical trial investigating the efficacy and safety of an injectable preparation of testosterone undecanoate (TU) dissolved in castor oil and given over a 3.2-year period. In a previous study we demonstrated that injections of TU every 6 weeks resulted in satisfactory substitution but a tendency toward testosterone accumulation. Here we investigate prolonged TU treatment at extended injection intervals in 7 hypogonadal men. Injections were given at gradually increasing intervals between the fifth and 10th injection, and from then on every 12 weeks. Steady state kinetics were obtained after the 13th injection. Well-being, sexual activity, clinical chemistry, prostate volume, and prostate-specific antigen ( PSA) and serum hormone levels were monitored. Patients were clinically well-adjusted throughout the study. Before the next injection, testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, and estradiol levels were mostly within the normal range and showed a tendency to decrease with increasing injection intervals. Body weight, hemoglobin, serum lipids, PSA, and prostate volume did not change significantly during the 3.2 years of treatment. PSA levels were always within the normal limit. Maximal testosterone levels during steady state kinetics were measured after 1 week with 32.0 +/- 11.7 nmol/L (mean +/- SD). Before the last injection, mean testosterone concentrations were 12.6 +/- 3.7 nmol/L. Compared with conventional testosterone enanthate or cypionate treatment requiring injection intervals of 2-3 weeks and resulting in supraphysiological serum testosterone levels, injections of TU at intervals of up to 3 months offer an excellent alternative for substitution therapy of male hypogonadism.[1]


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