The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Imipramine N-glucuronidation in human liver microsomes: biphasic kinetics and characterization of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase isoforms.

A method for the direct determination of imipramine N-glucuronidation in human liver microsomes by high-performance liquid chromatography with UV detection was developed. Imipramine was incubated with human liver microsomes and UDP-glucuronic acid. The Eadie-Hofstee plots of imipramine N-glucuronidation in human liver microsomes were biphasic. For the high-affinity component, the K(m) was 97.2 +/- 39.4 microM and the V(max) was 0.29 +/- 0.03 nmol/min/mg of protein. For the low-affinity component, the K(m) was 0.70 +/- 0.29 mM and the V(max) was 0.90 +/- 0.28 nmol/min/mg of protein. The imipramine N-glucuronosyltransferase activities were not detectable in two samples of human jejunum microsomes. Among recombinant UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) in baculovirus-infected insect cells (Supersomes or Bacurosomes) or human B-lymphoblastoid cells tested in the present study (UGT1A1, UGT1A3, UGT1A4, UGT1A6, UGT1A7, UGT1A8, UGT1A9, UGT1A10, UGT2B7, and UGT2B15), only UGT1A4 showed imipramine N-glucuronosyltransferase activity. The activity in UGT1A4 Supersomes was higher than that in recombinant UGT1A4 expressed in human B-lymphoblastoid cells at all imipramine concentration tested. The kinetics of imipramine N-glucuronidation in UGT1A4 Supersomes did not fit the Michaelis-Menten plot, showing a K(m) of >1 mM. In contrast, in UGT1A4 expressed in human B-lymphoblastoid cells, K(m) was 0.71 +/- 0.36 mM and the V(max) was 0.11 +/- 0.03 nmol/min/mg of protein. Interindividual differences in the imipramine N-glucuronidation in liver microsomes from 14 humans were at most 2.5-fold. The imipramine N-glucuronosyltransferase activities in 11 human liver microsomes were significantly (r = 0.817, P < 0.005) correlated with the glucuronosyltransferase activities of trifluoperazine, a typical substrate of UGT1A4. This is the first report of the biphasic kinetics of imipramine N-glucuronide in human liver microsomes.[1]

References

  1. Imipramine N-glucuronidation in human liver microsomes: biphasic kinetics and characterization of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase isoforms. Nakajima, M., Tanaka, E., Kobayashi, T., Ohashi, N., Kume, T., Yokoi, T. Drug Metab. Dispos. (2002) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities