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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Antagonistic effect of NK4 on HGF/SF induced changes in the transendothelial resistance (TER) and paracellular permeability of human vascular endothelial cells.

Hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor ( HGF/SF) is a multi-function cytokine that has been shown to regulate the expression of cell adhesion molecules in human endothelial cells. It is also a key cytokine in the development and progression of cancer, particularly during metastasis. NK4 is a variant of HGF/SF that has already been shown to be antagonistic to HGF/SF. This study shows that HGF/SF decreased transendothelial resistance (TER) and increased paracellular permeability in human vascular endothelial cells can that such effects can be inhibited by addition of the NK4 variant. In addition, HGF/SF- stimulated invasion of endothelium by breast cancer cells was inhibited by the addition of NK4. Western blotting revealed that HGF/SF decreased the protein level, and increased tyrosine phosphorylation of ZO-1, but did not cause a change in level of occludin or claudin-1, both molecules involved in tight junction function. RT-PCR revealed that addition of HGF/SF caused no change in signal for claudin-5 or junctional adhesion molecule (JAM), but there was a decrease in the signal for claudin-1. NK4 was able to prevent the decrease in levels of ZO-1 protein by HGF/SF.[1]


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