The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Replication of a cytopathic strain of bovine viral diarrhea virus activates PERK and induces endoplasmic reticulum stress-mediated apoptosis of MDBK cells.

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress signaling is an adaptive cellular response to the loss of ER Ca(2+) homeostasis and/or the accumulation of misfolded, unassembled, or aggregated proteins in the ER lumen. ER stress-activated signaling pathways regulate protein synthesis initiation and can also trigger apoptosis through the ER-associated caspase 12. Viruses that utilize the host cell ER as an integral part of their life cycle would be predicted to cause some level of ER stress. Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is a positive-stranded RNA virus of the Flaviviridae family. BVDV and related flaviviruses use the host ER as the primary site of envelope glycoprotein biogenesis, genomic replication, and particle assembly. We are using a cytopathic strain of BVDV (cpBVDV) that causes cellular apoptosis as a model system to determine how virus-induced ER stress contributes to pathogenesis. We show that, in a natural infection of MDBK cells, cpBVDV activates the ER transmembrane kinase PERK (PKR-like ER kinase) and causes hyperphosphorylation of the translation initiation factor eIF2 alpha, consistent with the induction of an ER stress response. Additionally, we show that initiation of cellular apoptosis correlates with downregulation of the antiapoptotic Bcl-2 protein, induced expression of caspase 12, and a decrease in intracellular glutathione levels. Defining the molecular stress pathways leading to cpBVDV-induced apoptosis provides the basis to study how other ER-tropic viruses, such as hepatitis C and B viruses, modulate the host cell ER stress response during the course of persistent infection.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities