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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A new role for the transcriptional corepressor SIN3; regulation of centromeres.

Centromeres play a vital role in maintaining the genomic stability of eukaryotes by coordinating the equal distribution of chromosomes to daughter cells during mitosis and meiosis. Fission yeast (S. pombe) centromeres consist of a 4-9 kb central core region and 30-100 kb of flanking inner (imr/B) and outer (otr/K) repeats. These sequences direct a laminar kinetochore structure similar to that of human centromeres. Centromeric heterochromatin is generally underacetylated. We have previously shown that inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs) caused hyperacetylation of centromeres and defective chromosome segregation. SIN3 is a HDAC corepressor that has the ability to mediate HDAC targeting in the repression of promoters. In this study, we have characterized S. pombe sin three corepressors (Pst1p and Pst2p) to investigate whether SIN3- HDAC is required in the regulation of centromeres. We show that only pst1-1 and not pst2Delta cells displayed anaphase defects and thiabendazole sensitivity. pst1-1 cells showed reduced centromeric silencing, increased histone acetylation in centromeric chromatin, and defective centromeric sister chromatid cohesion. The HDAC Clr6p and Pst1p coimmunoprecipitated, and Pst1p colocalized with centromeres, particularly in binucleate cells. These data are consistent with a model in which Pst1p-Clr6p temporally associate with centromeres to carry out the initial deacetylation necessary for subsequent steps in heterochromatin formation.[1]


  1. A new role for the transcriptional corepressor SIN3; regulation of centromeres. Silverstein, R.A., Richardson, W., Levin, H., Allshire, R., Ekwall, K. Curr. Biol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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