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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Growth factor expression in a murine model of cryoglobulinemia.

BACKGROUND: Increased expression of growth factors including platelet-derived growth factor ( PDGF) and transforming growth factor-beta ( TGF-beta) are thought to play pivotal roles during mesangial expansion and glomerulosclerosis. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) transgenic mice develop mixed cryoglobulinemia and a membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN). Here we describe the renal expression of isoforms of PDGF and TGF-beta in relation to changes in extracellular matrix (ECM) components and markers of cell proliferation and activation in this model. METHODS: A total of 123 mice, including 61 TSLP transgenic mice and 62 wild-type controls, were sacrificed at defined intervals. PDGF-A chain, -B chain, PDGF alpha- and beta-receptor (beta-R) and TGF-beta1 mRNA were analyzed by in situ hybridization. Expression of alpha smooth muscle actin (alphaSMA), collagen type I, collagen type IV, laminin, and a marker of proliferating cells ( PCNA) were assessed by immunohistochemistry. Slides also were studied by combined immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization with an antibody that recognizes monocytes/macrophage and with riboprobes that detect PDGF B-chain, PDGF beta-R or TGF-beta1 mRNA. RESULTS: Increased numbers of proliferating glomerular cells appeared early in the disease course, associated with de novo expression of alphaSMA. Expression of PDGF B-chain and beta-R mRNA was increased in the mesangium and in parietal epithelial cells of TSLP transgenic mice and correlated with the number of PCNA positive cells. Increased TGF-beta1 mRNA expression paralleled the deposition of type IV collagen. A significant proportion of Mac-2 positive macrophages expressed TGF-beta1 mRNA, while only a small percentage of glomerular macrophages expressed PDGF B-chain mRNA. No PDGF beta-R mRNA expression by macrophages was detected. CONCLUSION: TSLP transgenic mice develop a membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis in which glomerular cell proliferation and matrix deposition are associated with an increased expression of PDGF B-chain, PDGF beta-R and TGF-beta1. These findings extend the paradigms covering these growth factors established in the rat Thy 1 model of mesangiolysis and repairs to a murine model of progressive glomerulonephritis closely resembling human MPGN.[1]


  1. Growth factor expression in a murine model of cryoglobulinemia. Taneda, S., Hudkins, K.L., Cui, Y., Farr, A.G., Alpers, C.E., Segerer, S. Kidney Int. (2003) [Pubmed]
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