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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lipogenic enzyme activities in different adipose depots of Pirenaican and Holstein bulls and heifers taking into account adipocyte size.

The effects of sex, genotype, and adipose depot on lipogenic enzyme activity have been investigated in Holstein and Pirenaican bulls and heifers, taking into account differences in adipocyte size. Fifteen Pirenaican bulls and 15 heifers and 15 Holstein bulls and 13 heifers were fattened until slaughter (12 to 13 mo old and 450 to 500 kg of body weight). During the fattening period, animals had ad libitum access to commercial concentrates and straw. The 10th rib was dissected to determine the fat content. Adipocyte size and activities of the following lipogenic enzymes were determined: glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase, fatty acid synthase, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP)-malate dehydrogenase, glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and NADP-isocitrate dehydrogenase, in the omental, perirenal, subcutaneous, and intermuscular adipose depots, respectively. Because adipocyte mean cell volume varied with sex, breed, and depot, regression analyses of log(e) activity per cell and log(e) cell volume were used to compare activities per unit volume. Sex, breed and depot had no effect (P > 0.05) on the gradients of regressions, which did not differ significantly from 1. Thus, activity per unit volume did not vary with cell size. Consequently, sex, breed, and depot effects on the regression analyses were equivalent to effects on activity per unit volume. Females had greater amounts of fat in the 10th rib (P < 0.001), larger adipocytes (P < 0.001) and, in general, greater (P < 0.05) lipogenic activity per cell, even when adjusted for cell size, than males. These findings suggest that differences in adiposity between sexes are mainly due to females having a greater capacity for lipid synthesis, and hence, hypertrophy, than males. When adjusted for differences in carcass weight, Holsteins had larger adipocytes than Pirenaicans. The abdominal depots, omental and perirenal, had a greater adipocyte size (P < 0.001) and, in general, greater lipogenic enzyme activities per cell (P < 0.05) than the subcutaneous and intermuscular carcass depots. However, when activity per cell was adjusted for cell size, subcutaneous depots had greater fatty acid synthae, glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and NADP-malate dehydrogenase activities than omental and perirenal, indicating that other factors such as nutrient supply may restrict hypertrophy of carcass adipocytes.[1]


  1. Lipogenic enzyme activities in different adipose depots of Pirenaican and Holstein bulls and heifers taking into account adipocyte size. Eguinoa, P., Brocklehurst, S., Arana, A., Mendizabal, J.A., Vernon, R.G., Purroy, A. J. Anim. Sci. (2003) [Pubmed]
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