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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

HIF-1 is required for heat acclimation in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans.

Chronic exposure to environmental heat improves tolerance via heat acclimation (AC). Our previous data on mammals indicate that reprogramming the expression of genes coding for stress proteins and energy-metabolism enzymes plays a major role. Knowledge of pathways leading to AC is limited. For their identification, we established a Caenorhabditis elegans AC model and tested mutants in which signaling pathways pertinent to acclimatory responses are mutated. AC attained by maintaining adult C. elegans at 25 degrees C for 18 h enhanced heat endurance of wild-type worms subjected to heat stress (35 degrees C) and conferred protection against hypoxia and cadmium. Survival curves demonstrated that both daf-2 (insulin receptor pathway) showing enhanced heat tolerance and daf-16 loss-of-function (a transcription factor mediating DAF-2 signaling) mutants benefit from AC, suggesting that the insulin receptor pathway does not mediate AC. In contrast, the hif-1 (hypoxia inducible factor) loss-of-function strain did not show acclimation, and non-acclimated vhl-1 and egl-9 mutants (overexpressing HIF-1) had greater heat endurance than the wild type. Like mammals, HIF-1 and HSP72 levels increased in the wild-type AC nematodes. HSP72 upregulation in AC hif-1 mutants was also observed; however, it was insufficient to improve heat/stress tolerance, suggesting that HIF-1 upregulation is essential for acclimation, whereas HSP72 upregulation in the absence of HIF-1 is inadequate. We conclude that HIF-1 upregulation is both an evolutionarily conserved and a necessary component of heat acclimation. The known targets of HIF-1 imply that metabolic adaptations are essential for AC-dependent tolerance to heat and heavy metals, in addition to their known role in hypoxic adaptation.[1]

References

  1. HIF-1 is required for heat acclimation in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Treinin, M., Shliar, J., Jiang, H., Powell-Coffman, J.A., Bromberg, Z., Horowitz, M. Physiol. Genomics (2003) [Pubmed]
 
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