The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Removal of short-term isolation stress differentially influences prepulse inhibition in APO-SUS and APO-UNSUS rats.

Epidemiological studies have reported that the risk of developing schizophrenia increases with the number of genes one shares with patients suffering from schizophrenia [Gottesman Schizophrenia Genesis, New York: Freeman; 1991]. In addition, stressful life events are known to increase the risk of developing schizophrenia [Schizophr Res 30 (1998) 251] resulting in the stress hypothesis of schizophrenia. Remarkably, stress increases the release of dopamine and noradrenaline in the nucleus accumbens [Brain Res 554 (1991) 217], which links the stress hypothesis with the known dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia. Additionally an increased dopamine transmission in the nucleus accumbens (Nacc) is known to disturb prepulse inhibition (ppi) [Pharmacol Biochem Behav 49 (1994) 155], a phenomenon observed in, among others, schizophrenics [Arch Gen Psychiatry 47 (1990) 181]. Some years ago we have genetically selected two rat-lines which are marked by a high (APO-SUS) and by a low (APO-UNSUS) apomorphine susceptibility. Similar to schizophrenics the APO-SUS rat-line shows a reduced ppi [J Neurosci 15 (1995) 7604]. However, these data were obtained after a period of mild stress, namely a 24-h period of social isolation. Mild stress changes the line specific differences of APO-SUS and APO-UNSUS rats. The stress pushes the APO-SUS rat in the direction of an APO-UNSUS and vice versa, especially as far as it concerns the dopamine and noradrenaline activity in the nucleus accumbens [Cools AR, van-den Bos R, Ellenbroek BA, Gaiting function of noradrenaline in the ventral striatum: its role in behavioural responses to environmental and pharmacological challenges. In: Willner P, Scheel-Kruger J, editors. The mesolimbic dopamine system: from motivation to action. New York: Wiley; 1991 [Chapter 6]; Cools AR, Rots NY, De-Kloet ER, Apomorphine-susceptible and apomorphine-unsusceptible Wistar rats: a new tool in the search for the function of striatum in switching behavioural strategies. In: Pea G (Ed.), The basal ganglia IV, New York: Plenum Press; 1994; Brain Res Bull 24 (1990) 49; Behav Neurosci 108 (1994) 1107]. Therefore, in the present paper we investigated the ppi response in non-stressed, i.e. non-isolated APO-SUS and APO-UNSUS rats. In agreement with this hypothesis, we found that removal of the stress led to an increase of ppi in the APO-SUS, but a decrease in the APO-UNSUS. These data clearly shows that the ppi is stress-dependent in APO-SUS and APO-UNSUS rats. It is suggested that the differential stress-induced change in the dopaminergic and the noradrenergic system influences the reaction of APO-SUS and APO-UNSUS rats on ppi.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities