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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Contraceptive activity of a spermicidal aryl phosphate derivative of bromo-methoxy-zidovudine (compound WHI-07) in rabbits.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the vaginal contraceptive activity of WHI-07 in the rabbit model. DESIGN: Prospective, controlled study. SETTING: Center for advanced preclinical sciences. ANIMAL(S): Subgroups of 15, 16, or 24 New Zealand White does and 24 bucks per experiment. INTERVENTION(S): Ex vivo (Experiment 1) and in vivo (Experiments 2 and 3) treatment of semen with WHI-07 or Nonoxynol-9 (N-9). In Experiment I, ovulated does in subgroups of 15 were artificially inseminated with semen mixed with WHI-07 or vehicle. In Experiment 2, ovulated does in subgroups of 24 were artificially inseminated within 2 min after intravaginal administration of 2% WHI-07 gel-microemulsion or 2% N-9 gel and allowed to complete term pregnancy. In Experiment 3, ovulated does in subgroups of 16 were artificially inseminated at 15, 30, or 60 minutes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The numbers of implanted embryos on postinsemination day 8 or the proportion of does that became pregnant and delivered newborn rabbits; the litter size, weight, growth, and viability of pups until lactation day 5. RESULT(S): Exposure of semen to WHI-07 at the time of artificial insemination completely inhibited pregnancy rates (WHI-07-pretreated, 0%, vs. control, 60%) and embryo implantation (WHI-07-pretreated, 0/175 vs. control, 68/170). Intravaginal administration of a 2% WHI-07 gel-microemulsion or 2% N-9 gel before artificial insemination significantly inhibited pregnancy rates (81% and 85% inhibition, respectively) when compared with control. Furthermore, the 2% WHI-07 gel-microemulsion provided >90% inhibition of fertility even when insemination was delayed until 60 minutes after intravaginal application. Rabbits that delivered litters despite intravaginal application of 2% WHI-07 gel-microemulsion had healthy offsprings with no perinatal or postnatal repercussions. CONCLUSION(S): WHI-07 is a potent contraceptive agent in vivo. Intravaginal use of WHI-07 gel-microemulsion has clinical potential as a safe prophylactic contraceptive, in addition to its microbicide activity to curb the sexual transmission of HIV.[1]


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