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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A null mutation in H-FABP only partially inhibits skeletal muscle fatty acid metabolism.

The low-molecular-mass, cytosolic heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) is thought to be required for shuttling FA through the cytosol. Therefore, we examined the effects of an H-FABP-null mutation on FA and carbohydrate metabolism in isolated soleus muscle at rest and during a period of increased metabolic demand (30-min contraction). There were lower concentrations of creatine phosphate (-41%), ATP (-22%), glycogen (-34%), and lactate (-31%) (P < 0.05) in H-FABP-null soleus muscles, but no differences in citrate synthase and beta-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase activities or in the intramuscular triacylglycerol (TAG) depots. There was a 43% increase in subsarcolemmal mitochondria in H-FABP-null solei. FA transport was reduced by 30% despite normal content of sarcolemmal long-chain fatty acid transporters fatty acid translocase/CD36 and plasma membrane-associated FABP transport proteins. Compared with wild-type soleus muscles, the H-FABP-null muscles at rest hydrolyzed less TAG (-22%), esterified less TAG (-49%), and oxidized less palmitate (-71%). The H-FABP-null soleus muscles retained a substantial capacity to increase FA metabolism during contraction (TAG esterification by +72%, CO2 production by +120%), although these rates remained lower (TAG esterification -26% and CO2 production -64%) than in contracting wild-type soleus muscles. Glycogen utilization during 30 min of contraction did not differ, whereas glucose oxidation was lower at rest (-24%) and during contraction (-32%) in H-FABP-null solei. Although these studies demonstrate that the absence of H-FABP alters rates of FA metabolism, it is also apparent that glucose oxidation is downregulated. The substantial increase in FA metabolism in contracting H-FABP-null muscle may indicate that other FABPs are also present, a possibility that we were not able to completely eliminate.[1]


  1. A null mutation in H-FABP only partially inhibits skeletal muscle fatty acid metabolism. Binas, B., Han, X.X., Erol, E., Luiken, J.J., Glatz, J.F., Dyck, D.J., Motazavi, R., Adihetty, P.J., Hood, D.A., Bonen, A. Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab. (2003) [Pubmed]
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