The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Purification of a histamine H3 receptor negatively coupled to phosphoinositide turnover in the human gastric cell line HGT1.

The histamine H3 receptor agonist (R)alpha-methylhistamine (MeHA) inhibited, in a nanomolar range, basal and carbachol-stimulated inositol phosphate formation in the human gastric tumoral cell line HGT1-clone 6. The inhibition was reversed by micromolar concentrations of the histamine H3 receptor antagonist thioperamide and was sensitive to cholera or pertussis toxin treatment. Using [3H]N alpha-MeHA as specific tracer, high affinity binding sites were demonstrated with a Bmax of 54 +/- 3 fmol/mg of protein and a KD of either 0.61 +/- 0.04 or 2.2 +/- 0.4 nM, in the absence or presence of 50 microM GTP[gamma]S, respectively. The binding sites were solubilized by Triton X-100 and prepurified by gel chromatography. They were separated from the histamine H2 receptor sites by filtration through Sepharose-famotidine and finally retained on Sepharose-thioperamide. The purified sites concentrated in one single silver-stained protein band of 70 kDa in SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. They specifically bound [3H]N alpha-MeHA with a KD of 1.6 +/- 0.1 nM and a Bmax of 12,000 +/- 750 pmol/mg of protein. This corresponds to a 90,225-fold purification over cell lysate and a purity degree of 84%. Binding was competitively displaced by N alpha-MeHA (IC50 = 5.8 +/- 0.7 nM), (R) alpha-MeHA (IC50 = 9 +/- 1 nM), and thioperamide (IC50 = 85 +/- 10 nM), but not by famotidine (H2 antagonist) or by mepyramine (H1 antagonist). These findings provide the first evidence for solubilization, purification, and molecular mass characterization of the histamine H3 receptor protein and for the negative coupling of this receptor phosphatidylinositol turnover through a so far unidentified G protein.[1]

References

  1. Purification of a histamine H3 receptor negatively coupled to phosphoinositide turnover in the human gastric cell line HGT1. Cherifi, Y., Pigeon, C., Le Romancer, M., Bado, A., Reyl-Desmars, F., Lewin, M.J. J. Biol. Chem. (1992) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities