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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induction of avidin messenger ribonucleic acid in the chick oviduct by progesterone and other steroids.

Avidin gene expression was analyzed using an avidin immunoassay and RNA hybridization analysis. To ascertain whether the induction of the avidin gene by progesterone remains specific also during secondary restimulation with diethylstilbestrol, chicks were given different steroid hormones or hormone combinations. Progesterone-specific induction of avidin protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) was 15- to 30-fold over the control even after secondary restimulation with diethylstilbestrol. A functional difference between the progesterone response element and glucocorticoid response element was suggested, since dexamethasone alone did not induce avidin in vivo. In spite of progesterone specificity, a combination of progesterone with other steroids nevertheless generated a synergistic increase in the amount of avidin mRNA. This may indicate that binding of progesterone receptor to the progesterone response element may be important to alter the functional activity of other hormone response elements present on the avidin gene. The time response curve of the avidin mRNA induction by progesterone was also determined. Avidin mRNA was detectable 8 h after progesterone induction, and its amount was maximal after 16-24 h. This would indicate that the avidin gene belongs in the so-called late responder genes, which also include chicken ovalbumin, ovomucoid, and lysozyme genes.[1]


  1. Induction of avidin messenger ribonucleic acid in the chick oviduct by progesterone and other steroids. Kunnas, T.A., Joensuu, T.K., Viitala, K.K., Sopanen, P., Tuohimaa, P., Kulomaa, M.S. Endocrinology (1992) [Pubmed]
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