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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification of 2,3-oxidosqualene cyclase from rat liver.

A rapid and simple purification of milligram amounts of 2,3-oxidosqualene cyclase, an integral membrane enzyme that catalyzes the cyclization of squalene epoxide to lanosterol, is reported. Several nonionic detergents (Triton X-100, Tween 80, Emulphogene, and lauryl maltoside) were evaluated for solubilization of oxidosqualene cyclase from rat liver microsomes. At a detergent concentration of 5 mg/ml, lauryl maltoside was approximately 10 times more effective than Emulphogene in the solubilization of oxidosqualene cyclase; Triton X-100 and Tween 80 were less effective than Emulphogene as judged by the relative specific activities of the solubilized enzyme. Treatment of microsomes with lauryl maltoside resulted in a selective solubilization of the cyclase with concomitant activation of the enzyme. The solubilized enzyme was purified to homogeneity by fast protein liquid chromatography. The purified enzyme consists of a single subunit that has an apparent molecular weight of 65,000 as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The enzyme obeys saturation kinetics and the apparent Km of (2,3)-oxidosqualene is 15 microM; the apparent kcat/Km is 200 M-1.min-1. An improved assay of the enzyme that utilizes high performance liquid chromatography methods is also described.[1]


  1. Purification of 2,3-oxidosqualene cyclase from rat liver. Moore, W.R., Schatzman, G.L. J. Biol. Chem. (1992) [Pubmed]
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