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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Adenylate cyclase modulation of ion permeability in the guinea pig cochlea: a possible mechanism for the formation of endolymphatic hydrops.

The pathophysiological mechanisms leading to endolymphatic hydrops in Meniere's disease are unknown. Changes in ionic permeability of the cellular membranes between the endolymph and the perilymph, which alter the composition and osmolarity of the inner ear fluid, may be a major factor in the etiology of endolymphatic hydrops. To determine the possible involvement of adenylate cyclase in the formation of endolymphatic hydrops, we measured the endolymphatic K+, Na+, Cl- activities (AK, ANa, ACl) and the endocochlear potential (EP) by means of ion-selective microelectrodes while inner ear adenylate cyclase was activated by perilymphatic perfusion with forskolin. We observed a large ACl increase accompanied by an EP increase during forskolin (2 x 10(-4) M) perfusion and a delayed AK decrease after perfusion. No measurable ANa change was observed. These results suggest that adenylate cyclase may regulate Cl- permeability of the endolymph-perilymph barrier and that adenylate cyclase plays a critical role in acute endolymphatic hydrops in Meniere's disease by altering the osmolarity of the endolymph.[1]


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