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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Treatment with insulin uncovers the motogenic capacity of nitric oxide in aortic smooth muscle cells: dependence on Gab1 and Gab1-SHP2 association.

Contrary to the antimotogenic effect of NO in dedifferentiated vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), we have reported that NO stimulates the motility of differentiated cultured VSMC isolated from adult rats. This process involves upregulation of protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP2, followed by downregulation of RhoA activity. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that insulin alters the motogenic phenotype of cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells exposed to NO from inhibition to stimulation of cell motility. We demonstrate for the first time that NO stimulates the motility of VSMCs cultured for several days in the presence but not the absence of insulin. Moreover, we show that NO blocks PDGF-induced cell motility in insulin-naive but not in insulin-treated cells. We also demonstrate that the scaffold adapter protein Gab1, considered a physiological activator of protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP2, increases cell motility in the presence but not the absence of insulin. In cells cultured in the presence of insulin, overexpression of Gab1 mimics, whereas a dominant-negative allele of Gab1 (Gab1YF) blocks, the motility-stimulatory effect of NO. Cotransfection experiments with dominant-negative Gab1 and wild-type SHP2 or wild-type Gab1 and dominant-negative SHP2 indicate that the two proteins work together as a functional unit to induce motility. Because chronic insulin can increase the levels of phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI3) kinase in several models of hyperinsulinemia, we also tested the potential involvement of this enzyme in mechanisms leading to increased cell motility. We found that the motogenic effect of NO, Gab1, and SHP2 was blocked by the selective PI3 kinase inhibitor LY294002, suggesting a requirement of PI3 kinase in mediating motogenesis. These observations may be relevant to molecular mechanisms related to the pathogenesis of vascular disease in hyperinsulinemic diabetes. The full text of this article is available online at[1]


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