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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phenotypic changes in dentition of Runx2 homozygote-null mutant mice.

Genetic and molecular studies in humans and mice indicate that Runx2 (Cbfa1) is a critical transcriptional regulator of bone and tooth formation. Heterozygous mutations in Runx2 cause cleidocranial dysplasia ( CCD), an inherited disorder in humans and mice characterized by skeletal defects, supernumerary teeth, and delayed eruption. Mice lacking the Runx2 gene die at birth and lack bone and tooth development. Our extended phenotypic studies of Runx2 mutants showed that developing teeth fail to advance beyond the bud stage and that mandibular molar organs were more severely affected than maxillary molar organs. Runx2 (-/-) tooth organs, when transplanted beneath the kidney capsules of nude mice, failed to progress in development. Tooth epithelial-mesenchymal recombinations using Runx2 (+/+) and (-/-) tissues indicate that the defect in mesenchyme cannot be rescued by normal dental epithelium. Finally, our molecular analyses showed differential effects of the absence of Runx2 on tooth extracellular matrix ( ECM) gene expression. These data support the hypothesis that Runx2 is one of the key mesenchymal factors that influences tooth morphogenesis and the subsequent differentiation of ameloblasts and odontoblasts.[1]


  1. Phenotypic changes in dentition of Runx2 homozygote-null mutant mice. Aberg, T., Cavender, A., Gaikwad, J.S., Bronckers, A.L., Wang, X., Waltimo-Sirén, J., Thesleff, I., D'Souza, R.N. J. Histochem. Cytochem. (2004) [Pubmed]
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