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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of nafamostat mesilate and minimal-dose aprotinin on blood-foreign surface interactions in cardiopulmonary bypass.

BACKGROUND: The pharmacological inhibition of blood-foreign surface interactions is an attractive strategy for reducing the morbidity associated with cardiopulmonary bypass. We compared the inhibitory effects of nafamostat mesilate (a broad-spectrum synthetic protease inhibitor) and minimal-dose aprotinin on blood-surface interactions in clinical cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Eighteen patients undergoing coronary surgery were divided into three groups: (1) the control group (heparin, 4 mg/kg; n = 6), (2) the nafamostat mesilate group (heparin plus nafamostat, 0.2 mg/kg bolus followed by 2.0 mg/kg/h during cardiopulmonary bypass; n = 6), and (3) the aprotinin group (heparin plus aprotinin, 2.0 x 10(4) KIU/kg; n = 6). Platelet count, platelet aggregation, beta-thromboglobulin, prothrombin fragment F1.2, thrombin-antithrombin complex, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, alpha2-plasmin inhibitor-plasmin complex, D-dimer, neutrophil elastase, and interleukin-6 were measured before, during, and after bypass. Bleeding times and blood loss were recorded. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between groups in platelet count, beta-thromboglobulin, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, interleukin-6, bleeding times, or blood loss. Platelet aggregation was better preserved at 12 hours after surgery in the nafamostat and aprotinin groups than in the control group. Prothrombin fragment F1.2, thrombin-antithrombin complex and neutrophil elastase levels were significantly reduced by aprotinin, but not by nafamostat as compared with the control group. The alpha2-plasmin inhibitor-plasmin complex and D-dimer were significantly lower with either of the drugs. Aprotinin showed better control of D-dimer than did nafamostat. CONCLUSIONS: Nafamostat mesilate fails to reduce thrombin formation and neutrophil elastase release, whereas minimal-dose aprotinin inhibits both. Neither nafamostat nor aprotinin inhibits platelet activation. Nafamostat reduces fibrinolysis during cardiopulmonary bypass, although its effect is not as potent as aprotinin.[1]


  1. Effects of nafamostat mesilate and minimal-dose aprotinin on blood-foreign surface interactions in cardiopulmonary bypass. Kaminishi, Y., Hiramatsu, Y., Watanabe, Y., Yoshimura, Y., Sakakibara, Y. Ann. Thorac. Surg. (2004) [Pubmed]
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