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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Localization of the mRNA encoding prolyl endopeptidase in the rat brain and pituitary.

Prolyl endopeptidase (EC, PEP), a serine protease that hydrolyzes peptides at the carboxyl side of proline residues, is involved in the breakdown of several proline-containing neuropeptides and, thus, may contribute to the regulation of behavioral activities. In this study, the distribution of PEP mRNA was investigated in the central nervous system and pituitary of rat by means of quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis and in situ hybridization histochemistry. High densities of PEP transcripts were found in cerebellar Purkinje and granule cells, within most hypothalamic nuclei, in pyramidal neurons of the Ammon's horn, in granule cells of the dentate gyrus, and within the basolateral complex of the amygdala. Moderate levels of PEP mRNA were observed in layers 3-5 of the cerebral cortex, the anterior thalamic group, the septal region, the substantia nigra, the magnocellular neurons of the red nucleus, and the motor nuclei of the cranial nerves. Low concentrations of PEP mRNA were detected in the deep mesencephalic nuclei, the reticular formation, the pretectum, and the tectum. A high density of PEP mRNA was found in the intermediate and the anterior lobes of the pituitary, while the neural lobe was devoid of labeling. In several brain regions, the distribution pattern of PEP mRNA overlapped that of various neuropeptide receptors, suggesting that PEP is actually involved in the inactivation of regulatory neuropeptides.[1]


  1. Localization of the mRNA encoding prolyl endopeptidase in the rat brain and pituitary. Bellemère, G., Vaudry, H., Mounien, L., Boutelet, I., Jégou, S. J. Comp. Neurol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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