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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

PRMT7 is a member of the protein arginine methyltransferase family with a distinct substrate specificity.

We have identified a mammalian arginine N-methyltransferase, PRMT7, that can catalyze the formation of omega-NG-monomethylarginine in peptides. This protein is encoded by a gene on human chromosome 16q22.1 (human locus AK001502). We expressed a full-length human cDNA construct in Escherichia coli as a glutathione S-transferase ( GST) fusion protein. We found that GST-tagged PRMT7 catalyzes the S-adenosyl-[methyl-3H]-l-methionine-dependent methylation of the synthetic peptide GGPGGRGGPGG-NH2 (R1). The radiolabeled peptide was purified by high-pressure liquid chromatography and acid hydrolyzed to free amino acids. When the hydrolyzed products were separated by high-resolution cation-exchange chromatography, we were able to detect one tritiated species which co-migrated with an omega-NG-monomethylarginine standard. Surprisingly, GST-PRMT7 was not able to catalyze the in vitro methylation of a GST-fibrillarin (amino acids 1-148) fusion protein (GST-GAR), a methyl-accepting substrate for the previously characterized PRMT1, PRMT3, PRMT4, PRMT5, and PRMT6 enzymes. Nor was it able to methylate myelin basic protein or histone H2A, in vitro substrates of PRMT5. This specificity distinguishes PRMT7 from all of the other known arginine methyltransferases. An additional unique feature of PRMT7 is that it seems to have arisen from a gene duplication event and contains two putative AdoMet-binding motifs. To see if both motifs were necessary for activity, each putative domain was expressed as a GST-fusion and tested for activity with peptides R1 and R2 (acetyl-GGRGG-NH2). These truncated proteins were enzymatically inactive, suggesting that both domains are required for functionality.[1]


  1. PRMT7 is a member of the protein arginine methyltransferase family with a distinct substrate specificity. Miranda, T.B., Miranda, M., Frankel, A., Clarke, S. J. Biol. Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
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