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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Correlation of morphological findings with functional reserve in the aging donor: role of the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase.

INTRODUCTION: The enzyme poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP-1) participates in the first events of DNA repair in higher organisms. Under conditions of tissue ischemia, this action can lead to significant decreases in NAD(+), massive adenosine triphosphate (ATP) depletion, and cell death. In renal grafts with pretransplantation cold ischemia and subsequent ischemia-reperfusion injury, overactivation of PARP-1 may lead to a higher index of acute tubular necrosis, a delay in total recovery of the function of the transplanted organ, and an early progression to chronic graft nephropathy. The present study examined whether increased tubular expression of PARP-1 in kidneys from aged donors contributed to recipient renal function. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We studied the nuclear expression of PARP-1 using immunohistochemistry with monoclonal antibody PAR01 in 75 kidney biopsy specimens from 40 aged donors. RESULTS: Immunohistochemical expression of PARP-1 showed a statistically significant relationship with donor age (r =.408, P =.006, Spearman test), with time required to achieve effective diuresis (r =.386, P =.01, Spearman test) and with creatinine levels in the first 3 months. We also highlighted a greater intensity of PARP-1 expression in suboptimal donor kidneys that failed to reduce the serum creatinine levels to <1.7 mg/dL (creatinine <1.7 PARP: 1.29 +/- 1.49 vs creatinine >1.7 PARP: 2.29 +/- 1.33, P =.047, Mann-Whitney U test). CONCLUSION: We conclude that the determination of PARP-1 in biopsy specimens from aged donors may be a useful predictive factor for renal graft function.[1]


  1. Correlation of morphological findings with functional reserve in the aging donor: role of the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase. O'Valle, F., Benitez, M.C., Gómez-Morales, M., Bravo, J., Osuna, A., del Moral, R.M., Martin-Oliva, D., Oliver, F.J., del Moral, R.G. Transplant. Proc. (2004) [Pubmed]
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