The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Genetic variation in the multifunctional transcription factor Yy1 and type 1 diabetes mellitus in the BB rat.

Spontaneous diabetes in B(io)B(reeding) rats is complex, polygenic, and recessively inherited. Several crossing studies have demonstrated that beside the class II genes of the major histocompatibility complex ( MHC, Iddm1) additional non-MHC genes are involved in diabetes development. One of them, Iddm4, was initially mapped on chromosome 6q32. To study the physiologic importance of Iddm4 a congenic BB.SHR rat strain (BB.6S) was established. The BB.6S is characterised by a drastic reduction of diabetes frequency (86 vs. 14%) indicating existence of diabetes protective genes of SHR on the exchanged chromosomal segment. One of the possible diabetes susceptibility candidate genes located within this exchanged region is the multifunctional transcription factor Yin yang 1 (Yy1). Yy1 was therefore sequenced in BB/OK and SHR rats. No genetic variation in exons between BB/OK and SHR was found. However, three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were detected in intron 4. To determine the "wild type" allele, intron 4 of several diabetes-resistant inbred rat strains (DA, LEW, BN, and WOKW) and wild rats was sequenced. In addition, a congenic BB/OK strain was established by introgressing the same segment of chromosome 6 (D6Rat184-D6Rat3) of wild rats onto BB/OK background (BB.6W). The sequence analysis showed the SNP pattern of SHR (A/C/C) in all inbred rat strains studied whereas both unrelated wild rats showed the pattern of BB/OK rats (T/G/A). The congenic BB.6W rats developed diabetes in the same extent than BB/OK rats. This finding may support the assumption that the SNP pattern of BB/OK and wild rats favours and that of SHR suppresses diabetes development. Because of strong synteny between rat chromosome 6q32 and human 14q32, Yy1 may be also of interest in human type 1 diabetics showing significant linkage to markers on chromosome 14q32.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities