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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A novel TARP-promoter-based adenovirus against hormone-dependent and hormone-refractory prostate cancer.

TARP (T cell receptor gamma-chain alternate reading frame protein) is a protein that in males is uniquely expressed in prostate epithelial cells and prostate cancer cells. We have previously shown that the transcriptional activity of a chimeric sequence comprising the TARP promoter ( TARPp) and the PSA enhancer (PSAe) is strictly controlled by testosterone and highly restricted to cells of prostate origin. Here we report that a chimeric sequence comprising TARPp and the PSMA enhancer (PSMAe) is highly active in testosterone-deprived prostate cancer cells, while a regulatory sequence comprising PSAe, PSMAe, and TARPp ( PPT) has high prostate-specific activity both in the presence and in the absence of testosterone. Therefore, the PPT sequence may, in a gene therapy setting, be beneficial to prostate cancer patients that have been treated with androgen withdrawal. A recombinant adenovirus vector with the PPT sequence, shielded from interfering adenoviral sequences by the mouse H19 insulator, yields high and prostate-specific transgene expression both in cell cultures and when prostate cancer, PC-346C, tumors were grown orthotopically in nude mice. Intravenous virus administration reveals both higher activity and higher selectivity for the insulator-shielded PPT sequence than for the immediate-early CMV promoter. Therefore, we believe that an adenovirus with therapeutic gene expression controlled by an insulator-shielded PPT sequence is a promising candidate for gene therapy of prostate cancer.[1]


  1. A novel TARP-promoter-based adenovirus against hormone-dependent and hormone-refractory prostate cancer. Cheng, W.S., Kraaij, R., Nilsson, B., van der Weel, L., de Ridder, C.M., Tötterman, T.H., Essand, M. Mol. Ther. (2004) [Pubmed]
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