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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

T and IgA B lymphocytes of the pharyngeal and palatine tonsils: differential expression of adhesion molecules and chemokines.

The pharyngeal (Ph) and palatine (Pa) tonsils, although located in different regions of the upper aero-digestive tract (UADT), are thought to protect the respiratory tract similarly against infections by inducing and disseminating T and surface IgA(+) (sIgA(+)) B cells. We investigated the factors controlling the migratory properties of T and sIgA(+) B lymphocytes in the UADT of pigs by comparing the expression of vascular addressins, homing receptors and chemokine transcripts in Ph/Pa tonsils, Peyer's patches (PP) and their draining lymph nodes (LN). The vascular addressin PNAd was detected on high endothelial venules in both tonsils, whereas mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1, otherwise present in PP and mesenteric LN, was not detected. More importantly, the vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) addressin was present in Ph tonsil and LN but neither in Pa tonsil nor in PP vascular cells, whereas both T and sIgA(+) B lymphocytes displayed similar levels of alpha4beta1(high) integrin, the ligand of VCAM-1. Analysis of transcript levels for several lymphoid (CCL19, CXCL12 and CCL21) and epithelial chemokines also demonstrated opposite chemokine mRNA ratios for Ph tonsil (CCL28 > CCL25) and PP, with Pa tonsil expressing very low levels of CCL28. Collectively, these data indicate that the differential compartmentalization of sIgA(+) lymphocytes between Pa and Ph tonsils may partly result from the differential expression of VCAM-1 and CCL28. They also suggest that tonsillar addressins and epithelial chemokines, rather than the cells intravasating it, control the regionalization of sIgA(+) lymphocytes in the UADT.[1]


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