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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cytokine and chemokine levels in systemic sclerosis: relationship with cutaneous and internal organ involvement.

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disorder characterized by excessive collagen deposition in the skin and internal organs. Several cytokines and chemokines have been implicated in the induction of fibrosis, but a definitive relationship between specific cytokines and organ involvement has not been established yet. Serum samples, PBMC and T cell lines ( TCL) obtained from 54 patients affected by SSc and 20 healthy donors (HD) were examined by ELISA for Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma ), interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-18, Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1, Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, sCD30, Macrophage derived chemokine (MDC), Monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, Macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha and Regulated on activation normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES). In all the SSc serum samples, we found significantly increased levels of IL6, TNFalpha and MCP-1 but reduced amounts of gamma-IFN and MDC. IL6, IL10, IL18, MIP-1alpha and TNFalpha measured in supernatants from PHA- stimulated PBMC and IL6, MCP-1 and RANTES in supernatants from stimulated TCL were also increased in patients. MDC was decreased in all the biological SSc sources studied. TGF-beta1, IL10, and sCD30 were produced at a significantly lower level by SSc TCL. Serum IL6 and sCD30 levels were significantly increased in dc-SSc patients compared to lc-SSc as were levels of MCP-1 produced by PBMC and IL10 from TCL. We observed a strict relationship between pulmonary fibrosis and IL10, MCP-1 (both from TCL) and serum IL6. Kidney involvement was related to serum MCP-1 levels and IL18 production from PBMC. Oesophageal involvement correlated with MDC production from PBMC and IL10 synthesis by TCL. We showed that IL-6, IL-10, MDC and MCP-1 are variably associated with internal organ involvement and allow the discrimination between limited and diffuse forms of the disease.[1]


  1. Cytokine and chemokine levels in systemic sclerosis: relationship with cutaneous and internal organ involvement. Scala, E., Pallotta, S., Frezzolini, A., Abeni, D., Barbieri, C., Sampogna, F., De Pità, O., Puddu, P., Paganelli, R., Russo, G. Clin. Exp. Immunol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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