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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase of rat testis. Gonadotropin dependence and immunocytochemical identification.

A high glutathione peroxidase activity toward phospholipid hydroperoxides is present in rat testis. The attribution of this activity to the selenoenzyme phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (PHGPX) was supported by cross-reactivity with antibodies raised against pig heart PHGPX which had been purified and characterized. Rat testis PHGPX is partially cytosolic and partially linked to nuclei and mitochondria. The soluble and organelle-bound enzymes appear identical by Western blot analysis. PHGPX, but neither selenium-dependent nor non-selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase activity, is expressed in testes only after puberty, disappears after hypophysectomy, and is partially restored by gonadotropin treatment. Specific immunostaining of testes by antiserum against PHGPX appears as a fine granular brown pattern localized throughout the cytoplasm in more immature cells but is confined to the peripheral part of the cytoplasm, the nuclear membrane, and mitochondria in maturating spermatogenic cells. As expected, immunostaining of spermatogenic cells in hypophysectomized animals was negative, but gonadotropin treatment only marginally increased the immunoreactivity. The expression of PHGPX in testes is consistent with the previously described specific requirement for selenium for synthesis of a 15-20-kDa selenoprotein which is related to the production of functional spermatozoa.[1]


  1. Phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase of rat testis. Gonadotropin dependence and immunocytochemical identification. Roveri, A., Casasco, A., Maiorino, M., Dalan, P., Calligaro, A., Ursini, F. J. Biol. Chem. (1992) [Pubmed]
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