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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A new class of glutathione S-transferase from the hepatopancreas of the red sea bream Pagrus major.

To elucidate drug deposition and metabolism in cultured marine fishes, in a previous study we isolated and purified the GSTs (glutathione S-transferases) from the hepatopancreas of the red sea bream Pagrus major that contained 25 and 28 kDa GST subunits. The 25 kDa GST subunits encoded by two genes (GSTA1 and GSTA2) have been identified as Alpha-class GSTs. In the present study, we performed the molecular cloning and characterization of the GSTR1 gene encoding the 28 kDa GST subunit from the Pa. major hepatopancreas. The nucleotide sequence of GSTR1 was composed of an ORF (open reading frame) of 675 bp encoding a protein of 225 residues with a predicted molecular mass of 25.925 Da. A search of the BLAST protein database revealed that the deduced amino acid sequence of GSTR1 was structurally similar to that of GSTs derived from other fishes such as largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) and plaice (Pleuronectes platessa). The genomic DNA containing the GSTR1 gene was found to consist of six exons and five introns quite distinct from mammalian Theta-class GSTs. We have purified and characterized the recombinant GSTR1 enzyme (pmGSTR1-1) which showed activity only towards 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene, although it had no detectable activity towards cumene hydroperoxide, 1,2-dichloro-4-nitrobenzene, ethacrynic acid, 4-hydroxynonenal and p-nitrobenzyl chloride. Moreover, pmGSTR1-1 revealed remarkable heat instability (melting temperature Tm=30.3+/-0.11 degrees C). Collectively, our results indicated that the characteristic GST genes including GSTR1 have been conserved and functional in fishes. Therefore we designate them 'Rho-class', a new class of GSTs.[1]


  1. A new class of glutathione S-transferase from the hepatopancreas of the red sea bream Pagrus major. Konishi, T., Kato, K., Araki, T., Shiraki, K., Takagi, M., Tamaru, Y. Biochem. J. (2005) [Pubmed]
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