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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential control of CD28-regulated in vivo immunity by the E3 ligase Cbl-b.

The E3 ubiquitin ligase Casitas B cell lymphoma-b (Cbl-b) plays a critical role in the development of autoimmunity and sets the threshold for T cell activation. In the absence of Cbl-b, T cells stimulated via the TCR respond similarly to those that have received a CD28-mediated costimulatory signal, suggesting that the absence of Cbl-b substitutes for CD28-mediated costimulation. In this study, we show that loss of Cbl-b restores Ig class switching and germinal center formation in Vav1 mutant mice in response to an in vivo viral challenge. Genetic inactivation of Cbl-b also rescues impaired antiviral IgG production in CD28-mutant mice. Moreover, loss of CD28 results in disorganization of follicular dendritic cell clusters, which is also rescued by the Cbl-b mutation. Intriguingly, despite restored antiviral in vivo immunity and follicular dendritic cell clusters, loss of Cbl-b did not rescue germinal center formation in CD28-deficient mice. Mechanistically, in vivo vesicular stomatitis virus-induced IL-4 and IFN-gamma production and up-regulation of the inducible costimulatory molecule ICOS were dependent on CD28, and could not be rescued by the loss of Cbl-b. These data provide genetic evidence that CD28-dependent in vivo immune responses and Ig class switching can be genetically uncoupled from germinal center formation and ICOS induction by Cbl-b-Vav1-regulated signaling pathways.[1]


  1. Differential control of CD28-regulated in vivo immunity by the E3 ligase Cbl-b. Krawczyk, C.M., Jones, R.G., Atfield, A., Bachmaier, K., Arya, S., Odermatt, B., Ohashi, P.S., Penninger, J.M. J. Immunol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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