The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Small interfering RNA-mediated functional silencing of vasopressin V2 receptors in the mouse kidney.

The antidiuretic effects of arginine vasopressin ( AVP) on the kidney are mediated by V2 subtype AVP receptors (V2R). To investigate the role of regulation of V2R in water and sodium homeostasis, we have developed a method for small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated inhibition of V2R expression in vivo. Three 21-nt siRNA sequences were chosen that specifically targeted the mouse V2R but shared no appreciable sequence homology to any other known mouse genes, including the vasopressin V1a and V1b receptors. Additionally, an siRNA sequence that shared no significant matches to any known mammalian gene sequences was chosen for use as a control. Chemically synthesized siRNA was complexed with the liposomal transfection reagent DOTAP. Each mouse (male C57BL/6) received 3.6 nmol (approximately 50 microg) of either the control (nonsilencing) or one of the V2R-targeting siRNAs via intravenous injection. Forty-eight hours after injection membranes were prepared from the inner medulla of the kidneys, and V2R expression was measured by a radioligand binding assay and Western immunoblotting. Treatment with one of the V2R-targeting siRNAs (R2) caused a 39.7 +/- 8.7% reduction in V2R-specific binding compared with the control (n = 11, P < 0.05) and a 37.0 +/- 2.3% reduction in V2R protein expression as measured by Western immunoblotting (n = 4, P < 0.001). Additionally, real-time PCR revealed that R2 siRNA treatment induced a 68.8 +/- 2.2% reduction in V2R mRNA. However, this siRNA treatment did not alter the animals' basal urine concentrating capacity under unstimulated conditions. In subsequent experiments, treatment with R2 siRNA was found to significantly attenuate the antidiuretic effects the V2R-specific AVP agonist 1-desamino-[8-D-arginine]vasopressin (dDAVP). Mice were infused with dDAVP (0.25 ng/h) for 3 days to produce maximal antidiuresis and then were injected with either the R2 siRNA or the nonsilencing control. On day 2 after treatment, urine osmolality was significantly decreased from 3,455 +/- 72 in control animals (n = 12) to 3,155 +/- 129 mosmol/kgH2O in R2 siRNA-treated animals (n = 12) (P < 0.05); similarly, on day 2 24-h urine volume was significantly increased from 0.86 +/- 0.07 ml/day to 1.11 +/- 0.06 ml/day in R2 siRNA-treated animals (P < 0.05). In summary we have demonstrated that RNA interference methodology can be used successfully in vivo to significantly reduce functional expression of the V2R in the mouse kidney.[1]


  1. Small interfering RNA-mediated functional silencing of vasopressin V2 receptors in the mouse kidney. Hassan, A., Tian, Y., Zheng, W., Ji, H., Sandberg, K., Verbalis, J.G. Physiol. Genomics (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities