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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mutually dependent localization of megalin and Dab2 in the renal proximal tubule.

Disabled-2 ( Dab2) is a cytoplasmic adaptor protein that binds to the cytoplasmic tail of the multiligand endocytic receptor megalin, abundantly expressed in renal proximal tubules. Deletion of Dab2 induces a urinary increase in specific plasma proteins such as vitamin D binding protein and retinol binding protein (Morris SM, Tallquist MD, Rock CO, and Cooper JA. EMBO J 21: 1555-1564, 2002). However, the subcellular localization of Dab2 in the renal proximal tubule and its function have not been fully elucidated yet. Here, we report the characterization of Dab2 in the renal proximal tubule. Immunohistocytochemistry revealed colocalization with megalin in coated pits and vesicles but not in dense apical tubules and the brush border. Kidney-specific megalin knockout almost abolished Dab2 staining, indicating that Dab2 subcellular localization requires megalin in the proximal tubule. Reciprocally, knockout of Dab2 led to a redistribution of megalin from endosomes to microvilli. In addition, there was an overall decrease in levels of megalin protein observed by immunoblotting but no decrease in clathrin or alpha-adaptin protein levels or in megalin mRNA. In rat yolk sac epithelial BN16 cells, Dab2 was present apically and colocalized with megalin. Introduction of anti- Dab2 antibody into BN16 cells decreased the internalization of 125I-labeled receptor-associated protein, substantiating the role of Dab2 in megalin-mediated endocytosis. The present study shows that Dab2 is localized in the apical endocytic apparatus of the renal proximal tubule and that this localization requires megalin. Furthermore, the study suggests that the urinary loss of megalin ligands observed in Dab2 knockout mice is caused by suboptimal trafficking of megalin, leading to decreased megalin levels.[1]


  1. Mutually dependent localization of megalin and Dab2 in the renal proximal tubule. Nagai, J., Christensen, E.I., Morris, S.M., Willnow, T.E., Cooper, J.A., Nielsen, R. Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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