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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

31P NMR spectroscopy of perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage: a model to evaluate neuroprotective drugs in immature rats.

Cerebral energy metabolism can be measured non-invasively in unanesthetized neonatal rats with 31P NMR spectroscopy. Using this technique, serial changes in high energy phosphates were determined from the right cerebral hemispheres of 7 day postnatal rat pups during a hypoxic-ischemic insult known to produce focal brain injury. During 3 h of hypoxia-ischemia the concentration of ATP dropped to 33 +/- 8% of prehypoxic (baseline) levels, phosphocreatine (PCr)/Pi decreased from 1.5 +/- 0.51 to 0.16 +/- 0.06, while pH decreased nominally by 0.2 units. After 2.5 h of recovery in air, ATP returned to 75 +/- 10% of baseline levels, PCr/Pi rose to 1.1 +/- 0.28, and pH returned to its normal value of 7.16 +/- 0.06. This model was used to test the efficacy of the adenosine deaminase inhibitor, 2-deoxycoformycin (DCF) as a potential neuroprotective drug. The data for the drug- and saline-treated populations were analyzed by integrating ATP and Pi/PCr levels over specific time intervals, expressing it relative to baseline levels, and modeling it with cubic splines. Pretreatment with 500 micrograms/kg DCF shows a small, but statistically significant, preservation of both ATP and phosphorylation potential during hypoxia and initial recovery. Brain water content (edema) at 42 h recovery was apparently associated with both mean ATP and mean Pi/PCr in the last 2 h of hypoxia-ischemia. When ATP fell below 70% of baseline, brain edema was evident at 42 h of recovery. This methodology is suitable for extension to human infants.[1]


  1. 31P NMR spectroscopy of perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage: a model to evaluate neuroprotective drugs in immature rats. Williams, G.D., Palmer, C., Roberts, R.L., Heitjan, D.F., Smith, M.B. NMR in biomedicine. (1992) [Pubmed]
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