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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes isolated from a Ki-1-positive large cell lymphoma of the skin. Phenotypic characterization and analysis of cytokine secretion.

Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) were obtained from a biopsy of a patient with a Ki-1-positive large cell lymphoma of the skin. Immunohistologic studies of the large anaplastic tumor cells showed an "aberrant" T "helper/inducer" phenotype (CD30 + CD3-CD4+ CD8-IL-2R + HLA-DR+). Using cDNA probe for the constant region of the T-cell receptor (TCR) beta gene, the cells were identified by their distinct monoclonal rearrangement of T-cell receptor (TCR)-beta DNA. Tumor cells isolated from biopsies were cultured in the presence of interleukin-2 (IL-2). Outgrowing lymphocytes were cloned, expanded in vitro, and 11 clones were subjected to phenotypic analysis: ten clones showed a predominantly CD4-positive T "helper/inducer" phenotype whereas one clone expressed CD8 T "cytotoxic/suppressor" antigens. In contrast to the tumor cells, cells of all clones grown in vitro expressed the TCR-associated CD3 complex. Furthermore, cells from all clones analyzed expressed CD5, CD7, CD45RO (UCHL1), CD11a ( LFA-1), CD25, and HLA-DR antigens. Cells of two of ten CD4-positive clones expressed CD45RA (2H4) in addition to UCHL1. T-cell clones isolated from the tumor and grown in vitro exhibited individual DNA restriction band patterns different from that of a DNA tumor biopsy specimen. Therefore, the authors conclude that these T-cell clones represent presumably nonmalignant TIL. All clones tested secreted interferon (IFN)-gamma and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in vitro. Nine of 11 clones were found to secrete additionally IL-2 and IL-4 upon stimulation with phytohemagglutinin (PHA) whereas two clones did not secrete detectable amounts of IL-4. Selective growth of TIL in the presence of IL-2 opens the possibility to use these cells in adoptive immunotherapy of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). Cytokines secreted by TIL cells in vitro (IL-2, IL-4, IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha) may be involved in their antitumorigenic activity. Moreover, these data implicate that CD4-positive TIL derived from CTCL cannot be grouped into different subsets based on the production of IL-2, IL-4, IFN-gamma, and TNF-alpha.[1]


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