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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

CPD staining: an effective technique for detection of NORs and other GC-rich chromosomal regions in plants.

Mitotic chromosome spreads of 16 plant species belonging to six families were analyzed using an improved combined PI and DAPI ( CPD) staining procedure. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with 45S rDNA probe was conducted sequentially on the same spreads to evaluate the efficiency and sensitivity of the technique. Fluorochrome staining with chromomycin A3 (CMA)-DAPI also was conducted to clarify the properties of the sequences involved in the CPD banded regions. Our results revealed that all of the NORs (rDNA sites) in the species tested were efficiently shown as red bands by CPD staining, and the number and position of the bands corresponded precisely to those of the 45S rDNA FISH signals, indicating that the detection sensitivity of CPD staining is similar to that of FISH. In 10 of the species tested including Aegilops squarrosa, Allium sativum, Oryza sativum ssp. indica, Oryza officinalis, Pisum sativum, Secale cereale, Setaria italica, Sorghum vulgare, Vicia faba and Zea mays, CPD bands were exhibited exclusively in their NORs, while in other six species including Hordeum vulgare, Allium cepa, Psophocarpus tetragonolobus, Arabidopsis thaliana, Brassica oleracea var. capitata and Lycopersicon esculentum, CPD bands appeared in chromosomal regions other than their NORs. The CPD bands were in accordance with the CMA bands in all species tested, indicating GC-rich sequences in the CPD bands and that the improved CPD staining procedure is specific for GC-rich regions in plant genomes. Our investigation not only elucidated the banding mechanisms of CPD, but also demonstrated that the CPD staining technique, which may be preferable to CMA staining, is an effective tool for detecting NORs and other GC-rich chromosomal regions in plants.[1]


  1. CPD staining: an effective technique for detection of NORs and other GC-rich chromosomal regions in plants. She, C.W., Liu, J.Y., Song, Y.C. Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission. (2006) [Pubmed]
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